• Tag : EVPN

 
 

Problem with CVX EVPN and other vendor

Hi! I have full Arista VXLAN network with CVX as a controller with “service vxlan” and BGP EVPN between different CVX for DCI. Now I need to interconnect another vendor leaf switches to CVX via BGP EVPN. And got a problem. When I recive mac-ip route from other CVX via EVPN, then advertise this route to “service vxlan” is great work, but when I recive mac-ip route from other vendors then this route don’t advertise to “service vxlan”. Route wich I recive from other CVX and work: CVX-1(config)#show bgp neighbors 10.102.0.2 evpn received-routes route-type mac-ip fa16.3e6b.aa20 detail BGP routing table...
Continue reading →

EVPN MPLS Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS)

Description EVPN MPLS VPWS (RFC 8214) provides the ability to forward customer traffic to / from a given attachment circuit (AC) without any MAC lookup / learning.  The basic advantage of VPWS over an L2 EVPN is the reduced control plane signalling due to not exchanging MAC address information.  In contrast to LDP pseudowires, EVPN MPLS VPWS uses BGP for signalling.  Port based and VLAN based services are supported. VLAN Based Service Port Based Service Platform compatibility DCS-7280R DCS-7280R2 DCS-7280R3 DCS-7500R DCS-7500R2 DCS-7500R3 DCS-7800R3 Configuration VPWS configuration is made up of two main components on each participating router.  The first...
Continue reading →

EVPN MAC duplication denylist

Description This feature is available when configuring Layer2 EVPN or EVPN IRB. As described in RFC7432 section 15 [1], “MAC Mobility” or “MAC move” occurs when a Customer Edge (CE) moves from one Ethernet segment to another, resulting in two EVPN MAC/IP (Type 2) routes being advertised — one route with the previous Ethernet segment ID (ESI) and the other with the new Ethernet segment ID. MAC mobility also happens when a CE moves from a single-homed provider edge (PE) to a different PE. Consider a situation in an EVPN network where there are two hosts in the same VLAN,...
Continue reading →

PVLAN and VxLAN with EVPN

Description A private VLAN partitions the Layer 2 broadcast domain of a VLAN into subdomains. It allows isolating the ports on the switch from each other. A subdomain consists of a primary VLAN and one or more secondary VLANs (Private vlans). All secondary VLAN share the same primary VLAN. The secondary VLAN ID differentiates one subdomain from another. The secondary VLANs may either be isolated VLANs or community VLANs. VxLAN with EVPN is used to extend the PVLAN domain to remote locations. Types of VLANs We use below terminologies to describe the type of VLANs in PVLAN domain. Primary VLAN:...
Continue reading →

Multi-Domain EVPN VXLAN

Description This feature provides the ability to interconnect EVPN VXLAN domains. Domains may or may not be within the same data center network, and the decision to stretch/interconnect a subnet between domains is configurable. The following diagram shows a multi-domain deployment using symmetric IRB. Note that two domains are shown for simplicity, but this solution supports any number of domains. Within domain #1 and domain #2, VTEPs exchange EVPN reachability as normal. Between domains, gateway nodes advertise intra-domain EVPN routes with the gateway inserting itself as the nexthop. From the perspective of a gateway node, there is the local EVPN...
Continue reading →

EVPN Centralized Anycast Gateway

Description In the Centralized Anycast Gateway configuration, the Spines are configured with EVPN-IRB and are used as the IP Default Gateway(DWG), whereas the Top of rack switches perform L2 EVPN Routing. EVPN-IRB  supports both Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN) Bridging and IP Routing on the top of rack (TOR) switch.  In a typical EVPN IRB deployment, the IP Default Gateway(DGW) for a host (or VM) is the IP address configured on the IRB interface (check out the EVPN IRB TOI for more detail). Platform compatibility DCS-7050X* DCS-7050X2 DCS-7050X3 DCS-7300/DCS-7320 DCS-7300X3 DCS-7260X* (DCS-7260X, DCS-7260X2, DCS-7260X3) DCS-7280R, DCS-7280R2, DCS-7280R3 DCS-7500R, DCS-7500R2,...
Continue reading →

EVPN border leaf design

I have 4 leaf ,2 border leaf ,2 routers as below. There are 3 VRFs in  leaf1-4. r1/r2 advertise default route 0/0 to bl1/2. what vrf should I put gi1 in bl1/2? Should I create 3 vrfs in bl1/2 too? or create the 4th vrf? I want to advertise 0/0 to all vrfs so leaf1-4 know how to reach internet. leaf1———– | leaf2———–|spine1———– bl1 gi1———–r1 leaf3———–|spine2———– -bl2 gi1———–r2 leaf4———–|  

MP-BGP: EVPN is connect state

hey folks, My EVPN is not working through spine switches: leaf1p1#show bgp evpn summary BGP summary information for VRF default Router identifier 100.82.0.11, local AS number 65055 Neighbor Status Codes: m – Under maintenance Description Neighbor V AS MsgRcvd MsgSent InQ OutQ Up/Down State PfxRcd PfxAcc spine1 100.82.0.1 4 65000 0 0 0 0 2d06h Connect spine2 100.82.0.2 4 65000 0 0 0 0 2d06h Connect what could be the issue? Thanks, Omkar

MP-BGP: EVPN not working

Hello Folks, I am trying to simulate a L3LS topology with two leaf PODs and two spine switches on gns3 using vEOS, EOS-4.25.3.1M AS for spine switches: 65000 AS for leaf switches: 65055 I have created EBGP between leaf and spine switches and IBGP between MLAG peers of the PODs. Somehow, I could not get my EVPN to work. On all the Leaf switches, show bgp evpn summary command shows that the spine leaf switches are identified as as neighbors, however, the bgp state remain in ‘connect’ state. For now, I just want server01(10.96.10.1) connected to POD1 to successfully talk...
Continue reading →

Dual Stack Underlay Support for VXLAN with EVPN Control Plane

Description This feature allows a Data Center (DC) operator to incrementally migrate their VXLAN network from IPv4 to IPv6 underlay when using the EVPN control plane. It is meant for brownfield deployments where operators are considering transitioning their VXLAN network to IPv6 underlay but do not want to migrate their whole network at the same time. This feature allows them to migrate parts of their network to IPv6 and leave the rest of the network untouched, without any overlay network partitioning. The incremental transition is achieved using the concept of a dual-stack VTEP.  Dual Stack VTEPs and incremental migration A...
Continue reading →

EVPN Single-active Multihoming & Preference-based DF Election

Description Single-active multihoming Multihoming in EVPN allows a single customer edge (CE) to connect to multiple provider edges (PE or tunnel endpoint). The default mode of operation is all-active, in which the CE connects using link aggregation and can send traffic to either PE by hashing (or any other means) and expect the traffic to be successfully delivered. Introduced in EOS 4.26.0F for VXLAN and 4.27.0F for MPLS, single-active is an alternative mode of operation in which only one PE per VLAN per ethernet segment accepts traffic. Any other PE in the ethernet segment will drop all inbound packets, effectively...
Continue reading →

Extending EVPN and VXLAN to the Host

Overview VxLAN provides a highly scalable, standards based approach for constructing L2 overlays on top of routed networks. It is defined in RFC7348, and encapsulates the original host Ethernet frame in a UDP + IP + Ethernet frame. BGP EVPN (RFC 7432 and RFC 8365 for its application to VXLAN) is a standards based control protocol to efficiently discover other endpoints (VTEPs) and distribute reachability information (MAC addresses). This post assumes the reader is already familiar with configuration and operations of EVPN and VXLAN for Arista. Goals The use case here is the extension of a L2 overlay south of the TOR/Leaf...
Continue reading →

EVPN service on Subinterface

Does Arista support create evpn service on Subinterface? The goal is to make Arista switch to be a Router mode, so no vlan created on the switch, just SubInterface. I have tested on vEOS-Lab and on DCS-7280 but no clue. router bgp 65000 vlan 10 rd auto route-target both 10:10010 redistribute learned How to make above command attached to : interface Ethernet2.10 encapsulation dot1q vlan 10 and ofc without creating vlan 10 on the switch. Thanks in advance.

IGP cost for VTEP reachability

Introduction In EVPN deployment with VXLAN underlay when an EVPN type-5 prefix is imported into an IP VRF, the IGP cost of the underlay VTEP reachability is not considered as part of BGP bestpath selection post import. Therefore, if such a prefix is reachable via more than one VTEPs, the IGP metric step in the BGP best-path selection algorithm will not filter out any paths irrespective of the underlay’s IGP metric for the VTEP reachability. If ECMP is enabled in the overlay and multiple paths are found to be otherwise equivalent,  such paths would  form ECMP regardless of the IGP...
Continue reading →

Support BGP PIC edge for EVPN VXLAN routes for remote VTEP failures

Description Prior to 4.25.2F, support for BGP PIC was restricted to locally identifiable failures such as link failures. If a remote VTEP went down, this would require action by the IGP and BGP to recompute a new best path traffic destined to affected BGP prefixes originally reachable by the problematic VTEP. This feature introduces support for RFC8971 (BFD for VXLAN) for EVPN learned VTEPs to improve convergence times in these scenarios by tying the liveness detection provided by the BFD sessions into existing BGP PIC support for software fast-failover. Without this feature, until the underlay route providing reachability to the...
Continue reading →

cEOS, VRFs, and EVPN – Not Working Properly

Hey folks –   I’m playing around with the latest cEOS image 4.25.2F-20711308.4252F (engineering build) and its handling of VRFs within EVPN seems broken.  Specifically around the importing and exporting of RTs.  As an example, let’s say I have three VRFs: VRF A VRF B VRF C Within BGP I have: VRF A importing [A, B, C], and exporting A. VRF B importing [A, B], and exporting B. VRF C importing [A, C], and exporting C. Basically, A is importing all VRFs so he can talk to them via the VXLAN data plane.  Each of the other VRFs is importing...
Continue reading →

Multicast EVPN All-Active Multihoming

Description [L2-EVPN] and  [Multicast EVPN IRB] solutions allow for the delivery of customer BUM (Broadcast, Unknown unicast and Multicast) traffic in a VLAN and L3VPNs respectively using multicast in the underlay network. This document describes the solution to support all-active multihoming for customer multicast traffic as described in [IGMP PROXY] . More information about VXLAN EVPN all-active multihoming may be found in [VXLAN EVPN All-Active Multihoming]. Multicast All-Active Multihoming IGMP PROXY support As described in [IGMP PROXY], in an all-active redundancy mode, IGMP reports from the CE may arrive at any one of the multihomed peers. The multihomed peer which...
Continue reading →

Multicast EVPN IRB

Description This solution allows delivery of multicast traffic in an IP-VRF using multicast in the underlay network. It builds on top of [L2-EVPN], adding support for L3 VPNs and Integrated Routing and Bridging (IRB).  The protocol used to build multicast trees in the underlay network is PIM Sparse Mode. In the figure above: VLAN 10 and VLAN 20 have SVIs provisioned on all VTEPs and are associated with the L3 VRF red. There are interested receivers in VLANs 10 and 20 on VTEP2, and in VLAN 20 on VTEP 3. Traffic arriving in VLAN 10 on VTEP 1 is: Delivered...
Continue reading →

Layer 2 Multicast EVPN

Description This solution allows the delivery of customer BUM (Broadcast, Unknown unicast and Multicast) traffic in a VLAN using multicast in the underlay network. BUM traffic can be classified into two traffic types: Flooded Traffic: This is broadcast, unknown unicast, and link-local multicast traffic, which is flooded to all VTEPs Multicast Traffic: This traffic is sent to VTEPs with interested receivers. The solution implements the procedures described in [IGMP PROXY], which use a BGP EVPN control plane and a VXLAN forwarding plane. Using multicast in the underlay network (as opposed to unicast) has the advantage of being bandwidth efficient. The...
Continue reading →

Spanning tree network super root

Description Arista MLAG supports STP for Layer-2 loop detection. In fact, most customers enable STP in their MLAG(s) to ensure no downstream Layer-2 loops due to mis-cabling or mis-configuration. Pre 4.25.1F EVPN All-Active multihoming mechanism did not support STP downstream because of the following reasons: Unlike MLAG, EVPN multihoming peers run STP independently. Hence, all EVPN multihoming PEs send BPDUs independently on port-channel links. STP BPDUs will have Bridge ID derived from the local system MAC address, so the BPDUs generated by each multihoming PE are different.  Hence, the downstream multihomed switch/server receives different BPDUs from different PEs, so STP...
Continue reading →

Follow

Get every new post on this blog delivered to your Inbox.

Join other followers: